Van Gend

Direct Effect, Indirect Effect and State Liability

Direct Effect and Direct Applicability

Direct effect and Direct Applicability are 2 principles that are similar but should not be confused. Direct Applicability is the automatic incorporation into national law. Both Treaty Articles and Regulations are directly applicable, regulations are not, they must be implemented by the member state. The idea behind this is that they will be able to interpret the law that the EU wish to impose and do so in a way that will be most effective and efficient for that country. (more…)

Supremacy of the EU and the Single Market

Supremacy of EU Law

In order for the EU to operate with some sort of authority over the Member states, its very existence means that it must take precedent over National Law. This has caused a fair amount of conflict between individuals and member states, specifically with the UK (having in their constitution the doctrine of Parliamentary Supremacy, which is now not so supreme). (more…)