Supremacy of EU

Article 267 Reference

Article 267 TFEU allows the national courts to make a reference to the European Court of Justice on matters of EU law that are unclear. The ECJ is not an appeals court and will not judge the whole case. They will only answer the questions on EU law that the national court askes. Due to EU law being Supreme (Costa v ENEL), it is important for the national courts to interpret law properly to prevent injustices. (more…)

Supremacy of the EU and the Single Market

Supremacy of EU Law

In order for the EU to operate with some sort of authority over the Member states, its very existence means that it must take precedent over National Law. This has caused a fair amount of conflict between individuals and member states, specifically with the UK (having in their constitution the doctrine of Parliamentary Supremacy, which is now not so supreme). (more…)