Internal Market

Competition Law: Article 102

Article 102 TFEU prohibits the abuse of a dominant position within the EU. For a business to breach Article 102, they must have been in a dominant position, be abusing that position, which has an effect on member states. (more…)

Supremacy of the EU and the Single Market

Supremacy of EU Law

In order for the EU to operate with some sort of authority over the Member states, its very existence means that it must take precedent over National Law. This has caused a fair amount of conflict between individuals and member states, specifically with the UK (having in their constitution the doctrine of Parliamentary Supremacy, which is now not so supreme). (more…)