Competition Law: Article 102

Article 102 TFEU prohibits the abuse of a dominant position within the EU. For a business to breach Article 102, they must have been in a dominant position, be abusing that position, which has an effect on member states. (more…)

Article 267 Reference

Article 267 TFEU allows the national courts to make a reference to the European Court of Justice on matters of EU law that are unclear. The ECJ is not an appeals court and will not judge the whole case. They will only answer the questions on EU law that the national court askes. Due to EU law being Supreme (Costa v ENEL), it is important for the national courts to interpret law properly to prevent injustices. (more…)

Should I have the right to say or write what I want, no matter whom it offends?

The perspective of Freedom of Speech is positive and a basic human right that every Man, Woman and Child should be entitled too. The discussion regarding whether society should have the right to say and write what they want no matter who it offends has been debated extensively over the 328 years since the development of the British Bill of Rights in 1689. This was the first instance of freedom of speech not only for parliament, for the citizens of Britain, which inspired much of the western world to follow. Furthermore, I am in favour of the viewpoint suggesting a line must be drawn in order to preserve and protect humanity. (more…)